We want to buy 7 motorcycles. Also the words are not case sensitive. In the above example, if Cell A5 is 91, then Cell A6 will be set to Decent Performance. If it’s more than 35, it shows the message – “Pass”. In Excel VBA, IF Then Else statement allows you to check for a condition, and perform an action accordingly. This enables VBScript to handle complex conditions with ease. Let’s start with the syntax. You May Also Like the Following Excel Tutorials: I tried using the below vba code in an excel sheet. Multiple If And Statements in Excel. Dim xCell As Range Dim xTime As Variant On Error Resume Next Set xCell = Range(“Sheet2!A1”) On Error Resume Next, If xCell.Font.Color = vbRed Then xCell.Font.Color = vbWhite Else xCell.Font.Color = vbRed End If xTime = Now + TimeSerial(0, 0, 1) Application.OnTime xTime, “‘” & ThisWorkbook.Name & “‘!StartBlink”, , True End Sub. Below is the generic syntax of If Then Else construct in VBA. If you have multiple cases to choose from, you can also use the Select … Case statement. Here, you have a lot of code and when you have to close the IF condition this is not going to be View Profile … If you have a lot of workbooks open and you quickly want to close all, except the active workbook, you can use the below code. Suppose you have the scores for two subjects instead of one, and you want to check for the following conditions: The above code uses both OR and AND statements. Let’s say you buy bicycles, motorcycles, and cars. Wondering where the VBA code goes in your Excel workbook? If you have any doubts regarding this article or any other Excel/VBA related articles, ask in … While this works, it’s not an example of good coding (as you will see the alternatives below). It executes one set of code if a specified condition evaluates to TRUE, or another set of code if it evaluates to FALSE. So even if the first IF statement is correct, the second would still be evaluated. When you type Sub IF_THEN() as the first message without any quotes around it, you can observe, Excel automatically adds the line End Subbelow the first message line when you press Enter. Try and tell if this worked or not. Note that when we use a single line of IF Then statement, we don’t need to use End IF. If you don’t see the Project Explorer go to the View tab and click on Project Explorer. You can also write this same code with a slight change (using OR instead of AND). The first syntax is a simple one-line IF THEN ELSE statement where you don’t need to use the END IF statement. Now theoretical explanation is enough, even if you did not understand anything nothing to worry. Conditional Statements in Excel VBA - Select Case Statement (VBA), Using To & Is keywords, Option Compare Setting, Nesting This time the code is much more readable than the last one. After you run the code, Excel will display this message. The first example I’m going to show you two ways you can use multiple ifs. Once we have the logic correct, we will apply the logic to a range of cells using a looping structure.In Excel, open the VBA Editor by pressing F-11 (or press the Visual Basic button on the Developer ribbon. To apply the formula, you have to follow the above process. In this example we will evaluate a single cell. In this tutorial, I’ll show you different ways the ‘If Then Else’ construct can be used in Excel VBA, and some practical examples in action. The basic to use one line statement is to write your entire code in one line. This Nested If statements. The above code uses ElseIf, which allows us to keep all the conditions within one single IF Then statement. But what if you want to show a message in both the cases, whether a student passed or failed the exam. The VBA If statement is used to allow your code to make choices when it is running. So far we have used a single IF Then statement. Sub Macro2() If Range("B3") < Range("D3") Then Range("E3") = 45 MsgBox "Value1 is smaller than Value2" End if End Sub The subroutine above saves the number 45 to cell E3 if the value in cell B3 is smaller than the value in D3. The first way will work, but it’s not the elegant one. IF Statement If .. Then. Show Printable Version; Subscribe to this Thread… Rate This Thread. Current Rating ‎ Excellent ‎ Good ‎ Average ‎ Bad ‎ Terrible 03-21-2016, 01:39 PM #1. You can use the If...Then...Else statement to run a specific statement or a block of statements, depending on the value of a condition. Now we have three conditions to test, and we have used the OR after the second condition to specify the third condition. But when we split it into more than one line, we need to use the End If statement. The msgbox function then displays … The same logic can be built in VBA using the If Then Else statement as well (and of course do a lot more than just highlighting grades). If A1 = 10 Then Msgbox ("Cell A1 has value 10") In the above statement, we have written an IF statement to evaluate if cell A1 has a … Suppose you have a student’s score in cell A1 and you want to check whether the student passed the exam or not (passing marks threshold being 35). Else MsgBox "none of the conditions are true." It is executed only if the previous one returned FALSE. If the student scores less than 35, the message to display is ‘Fail’, if the score is more than or equal to 35, the message to display is ‘Pass’, and if the score is more than 80, the message to display is ‘Pass, with Distinction’. To use If and Or statement excel, you need to apply a similar formula as you have applied for If & And with the only difference is that if any of the condition is true then it will show you True. However, in the second syntax, the true_code part is in the second line. To see a practical example of using <>, have a look at Example 1 below. As you may have noticed, we have evaluated only two criteria … In case you decide to use this, remember that these statements should either be independent or mutually exclusive. Multiple IF statements are also known as “ Nested IF Statement ” is a formula containing 2 or more IF functions. Now let’s see how AND and OR statement work with the IF Then Else construct. Multiple IF AND statements in Excel. If the value is greater than 100 then we need the value in cell B2 as “More than 100”. Now, all the co… By Ada01 in forum Excel General Replies: 4 Last Post: 11-19-2009, 10:26 AM. It can be used as a VBA function (VBA) in Excel. The “If Statement” is used in many programming languages. This is helpful when the code that you need to run in case the IF condition is true is long and consists of multiple lines. The discount depends on the type and the number of vehicles you buy. )Right-click “This Workbook” in the Project Explorer (upper-left of VBA Editor) and select Insert ⇒ Module.In the Code window (right panel) type the following and press ENTER.We wa… However, when you have multiple dependent conditions, you can use the AND or OR statement with the IF conditions. You need to copy and paste the code in the VB Editor module code window. One line statement is perfect if you are using the IF-Then statement. Using the case statement, you can run one of several groups of statements, depending on the value of an expression. If Then Statement If Then Statement | Else Statement Use the If Then statement in Excel VBA to execute code lines if a specific condition is met. If the cell has a value that is negative, it’s highlighted in red with white font color. Instead of multiple If Else If statement we use the Select Case statement to switch results. You will often want to make choices based on the data your macros reads. Take a look at the modified example. Let’s look at a simple example: 1 If Range("a2").Value > 0 Then … So there is an ‘IF Then Else’ construct within an ‘IF Then Else’ construct. In this article, we will see the syntax, uses and examples of the Case Statement. It checks the name of each worksheet and hides it if it’s not the active worksheet. By that, you may use two or more expressions. Let’s take the same example of using a student’s score. Run the code. How to Use Excel VBA InStr Function (with practical EXAMPLES). Different languages have different syntaxes for nested if statements. Go to Insert and click on Module. When the score is more than (or equal to) 35, the IF condition is true, and the code right below it gets executed (everything before the Else statement). If there are more than two criteria, then it should use the multiple IF statements (nested IF). In case you want to quickly hide all the worksheets except the active one, you can use the below code: The above code uses the For Each loop to go through a collection of worksheets. An example of Excel VBA If..Else with And operator If you have multiple expressions to check in the If statement and all have to be True in order to execute the code, you may do this by using the ‘And’ operator. IF THEN is a simple form of VBA statement. This is extremely valuable in many situations as we will see in the examples later in this tutorial. So far in this tutorial, we have only checked for a single condition at a time. As a coder, whether novice or experienced, hopefully you agree that this is one of the most common coding tasks. With OR, even if one of the conditions are true, it will execute the true_code. GSU1972. So yeah guys, this is how the Select Case (switch) statement is used in Excel VBA to check multiple conditions. An If or ElseIf statement inside another If or ElseIf statement (s). Not equal to represented by <> the Excel VBA. multiple if statements in VBA in a few different examples. Let`s work on an example where a patient with HIV/AIDS and the opportunistic disease Tuberculosis would first be sent to Ward One, to collect ARVS (Antiretrovirals) and then to the respiratory department of the hospital, to receive treatment and palliative care for Tuberculosis. Different languages have different syntaxes for nested if statements. In case there is a VBA code in any of the workbooks and you haven’t saved it as .xls or .xlsm, you will see a warning (as the vba codes are lost when you save it in .xlsx format). To give you an idea of how the IF-THEN statement works in VBA, let me start with some basic examples (some practical and more useful examples are covered later in this tutorial). Try replacing your 4th code line i.eSet xCell = Range(“Sheet2!A1”) with Set xCell = Range(“A1:A10) for a range as asked above. Both the above VBA codes will give you the same result. Suppose that you have a column full of numbers and you want to quickly highlight all the cells with negative values in red, you can do that using the below code. One of the most common things to do in coding is to build logic that checks for the occurrence of multiple conditions. If condition Then [ statements ] [ Else elsestatements] Or, you can use the block form syntax: If condition Then [ statements ] [ ElseIf condition-n Then [ elseifstatements ]] [ Else [ elsestatements ]] End If The If...Then...Elsestatement syntax has these parts. Tags for this Thread. If you want to test more than one condition then you need to use the If statement. Download this example file, we will learn conditional statements with examples. Excel has a VBA backend called the VB editor. In the above code, we have used multiple IF statements (nested IF Then) with the help of Else. I want the blinking in a specific range, say A1:A10, upon satisfying a condition (without the button), say if >=5. how to modify this code, can anyone help? excel & vba … There can be multiple Else If…Then clauses in a VBA if statement, as long as each Else If … criteria is mutually exclusive from other Else If or If criteria. That’s why there is an ElseIf condition. To give you a simple example, suppose you have a list of grades in Excel and you want to highlight all those students who have scored an A. The important thing to know here is that in the above construct, all the IF statements are evaluated and the ones where the condition is true, the code is executed. Hi, I am having a problem with multiple if statements, If a word is found in a cell from the array then if the offset cell equals a value then replace the offset cell with a new value, However depending on what has been found from the array needs to step through a different if statement to change the rotations, can someone help with this please. The above code uses the For Each loop and checks each cell in the selection that you have made. Now if you’re wondering what’s the difference between the two syntaxes, let me clarify. Even if one of the conditions is false, it will execute the false_code. Here is what we’re trying to do – If the student scores less than 35, the message to display is ‘Fail’, if the score is more than or equal to 35, the message to display is ‘Pass’, and if the score is more than 80, the message to display is ‘Pass, with Distinction’. The first example I’m going to show you two ways you can use multiple ifs. VBA -If Then Statement Using Multiple Criteria. Click on Visual Basic option. The first way will work, but it’s not the elegant one. However, for readability, you may want to use a Select Case statement rather than multiple levels of nested If...Then...Else statements. In the Project Explorer pane in the VB Editor, right-click on any object for the workbook in which you want to insert the code. If...Then...Else statements can be nested to as many levels as you need. There are various ways to apply the If statement. Excel Programming / VBA / Macros; Multiple Conditions with If Statements in VBA; Results 1 to 9 of 9 Multiple Conditions with If Statements in VBA. Anyway here how it works. In case you have multiple conditions to check, you can use: Let me show you how these differ and how to use this in Excel VBA. Let's look at some Excel AND function examples and explore how to use the AND function in Excel VBA code. 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