3. If you cannot get this high or far, go as high or far as you can. But you should take a look at them and see which ones are likely to happen to you based on a few different factors. Ask your student's teacher or a faculty member about their tsunami policy. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. The warning includes predicted tsunami arrival times at selected coastal communities within the geographic area defined by the maximum distance the tsunami could travel in a few hours. Stay put in the middle of the ocean as it's your best bet. The recent magnitude 7.1 earthquake and subsequent tsunami warning in northern New Zealand reminds us that tsunamis are unpredictable and can strike any time.. If you can see it, you are too close to escape. If you hear word that another area has been hit, presume yours will be too, though the gravity of the wave could be very different. On arrival, perhaps as you check into your hotel, ask your host about how tsunami warnings are disseminated and where the tsunami evacuation routes are. Find out your areas flooding elevation. % of people told us that this article helped them. Invest in a hurricane shelter if possible. During a tsunami. Last Updated: January 31, 2020 Ideally, you want high ground that's natural, like a mountain or hill. As far as possible. If you live in a tsunami risk zone then you’re probably aware of what to do when a tsunami strikes. Map out where you would go—on foot, because roads will be flooded. Add shortcuts on your phone to websites with tsunami warning information and sign up for text alerts, if it is available. If you don't want to jump to conclusions, look to the animals. Get Winter Weather Safety Tips. Tsunamis can travel upstream in coastal estuaries and rivers, with damaging waves extending farther inland than the immediate coast. What shouldn't I do when preparing for a tsunami? The waves that follow the first one may also be bigger. Oh, and grab your pet, too. Never go to the shore to watch the tsunami. Consider a precautionary evacuation of your animals, especially any large or numerous animals. They can be similar to a tide cycle occurring over 10 to 60 minutes instead of 12 hours. Plan evacuation routes from your home, school, workplace, or any other place you could be where tsunamis present a risk. Familiarize yourself with the terrain so if the worst were to happen, you could fend for yourself. the National Weather Service Tsunami Warning System, https://www.popsci.com/what-to-do-tsunami-survival, https://www.wunderground.com/prepare/tsunami, https://www.iii.org/fact-statistic/facts-statistics-flood-insurance#Coastal%20Flood%20Insurance, https://www.livescience.com/8824-earthquakes-tsunamis.html, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/1/tsunamis-facts-about-killer-waves/, https://www.livescience.com/40628-animals-predict-earthquakes-oarfish.html, https://www.livescience.com/37497-no-outrunning-tsunami.html, https://www.britannica.com/event/Japan-earthquake-and-tsunami-of-2011, https://www.slate.com/news-and-politics/2011/03/japan-tsunami-how-to-survive-a-tsunami.html, https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/07/magazine/how-to-survive-a-tsunami.html, https://www.civildefence.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/publications/ts-01-08-national-tsunami-signage.pdf, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Tsunamis are large ocean waves generated by major earthquakes beneath the ocean floor or major landslides into the ocean. Talk to everyone in your household about what to do if a tsunami occurs. A tsunami can occur during any season of the year and at any time, day or night. Continue to listen to the radio for civil defence advice and do not return to the evacuation zones until authorities have given the all-clear. An aerial view video of giant tsunami waves. Make a family plan which includes ways to get in touch with your loved … wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. A tsunami may be coming within minutes. The next wave may be larger than the first one. The tsunami warning will help you to evacuate the area before danger grows. The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and the 2011 Tohoku tsunami are two vivid and tragic examples of these waves' destructive power. A big wave forms above the surface and spreads out across the ocean. First aid equipment (band-aids, gauze pads, etc. Familiarity may save your life. What to Do When a Tsunami Watch Is Issued, What to Do When a Tsunami Warning Is Issued. Recommended evacuation routes may be different from the one you planned, or you may be advised to climb higher. Once you know how to predict a tsunami and how to handle the situation when it comes, your main duty is to pass your learning onto others. It is important to be aware that Japan is prone to tsunamis and to prepare for the worst, but hope for the best. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. If possible when the tsunami is small, try to go over it before the wave curls over, but after that don't think it's over, another wave could hit in minutes or hours. In 1964, the town of Seward, Alaska, was devastated first by local tsunamis caused by submarine landslides resulting from the earthquake and then by the earthquakes main tsunami. Tsunami evacuation routes are designated on a blue sign by a wave with an arrow pointing towards the route, and with the words "Tsunami Evacuation Route" (or similar in a foreign language) underneath it. Being Prepared. If you are in a tsunami area and there is an earthquake, then first protect yourself from the earthquake. Tsunami waves can sweep away loose objects. Even if you do not feel shaking, if you learn that an area has experienced a large earthquake that could send a tsunami in your direction, listen to a local radio or television station or NOAA Weather Radio for information from the Tsunami Warning Centers about action you should take. If you hear an official tsunami warning or detect signs of a tsunami, evacuate at once. If it is not safe for you, it is not safe for your animals. The first step in escaping a tsunami is educating yourself, so find the “higher ground” now before it is too late. If you are in an area at risk from tsunamis, you should: Facts: Tsunamis normally have the appearance of a fast-rising and fast-receding flood. It comes closer and closer until it crashes onto the shore. You want to be, ideally, 2 miles (3.2 km) away from shore and at least 100 feet (30.5 m) above sea level. Go as far as you can toward the middle of the ocean. In some cases, it is 20 minutes or less. Avoid downed power lines and stay away from buildings and bridges from which heavy objects might fall during an aftershock. In short, if you can't beat 'em, join 'em. If you evacuate, take your animals with you. Discussing tsunamis ahead of time will help reduce fear and save precious time in an emergency. Keep a look out for any tsunami warnings signs. Be sure that your pet disaster kit is ready to go in case you need to evacuate. Fiction: Boats should move to the protection of a bay or harbor during a tsunami. Then, prepare emergency kits to keep in your home, workplace, and vehicle. Evacuation orders may be based on these numbers. Know what to do before, during and after snowstorms and extreme cold. Organise comprehensive travel insurance and check that you are covered for natural disasters such as tsunami. There may be an earthquake or volcanic eruption which causes the tsunami. Every foot inland or upward may make a difference! Be prepared to evacuate by foot if necessary. Even though you'll probably be following everyone else, know that they're heading for high ground, too, and you should do the same. Leave Prepare your emergency kits long before there might be a tsunami to be sure you get everything you might possibly need. Where possible, move livestock to higher ground.