[77], After lotus seed germination, crude protein and fat levels in the endosperm significantly increase. It is known as the flower of the dawn and is the symbol of purity, commitment and optimism for the future. [59] Especially in China, lotus seeds are popular with a cultural history going back about 3000 years. [43][48] The leaves of the floating lotus reduce sunlight reaching the lower part of the water. To the Vietnamese, lotus is known as an exquisite flower, symbolizes the purity, serenity, commitment and optimism of the future as it is the flower which grows in muddy water and rises above the surface to bloom with remarkable beauty. [10] Roger S. Seymour and Paul Schultze-Motel, physiologists at the University of Adelaide in Australia, found that lotus flowers blooming in the Adelaide Botanic Gardens maintained a temperature of 30–35 °C (86–95 °F), even when the air temperature dropped to 10 °C (50 °F). It is believed that in the same way, the Vietnamese people should make every effort to grow and rise up proud and strong, even when they are engulfed by impurity or ill will. For Vietnamese people, the Lotus flower is very spiritual and loved by almost Vietnamese from all walks of life. To the Vietnamese, lotus is known as an exquisite flower, symbolizes the purity, serenity, commitment and optimism of the future as it is the flower which grows in muddy water and rises above the surface to bloom with remarkable beauty. [16], Lotus varieties have been classified according to their use into three types: rhizome lotus, seed lotus and flower lotus. N. nucifera is able to assimilate a higher content of phosphorus than aquatic plants currently used for water remediation (such as water hyacinth). Mod Food Sci Technol 29:1675–1679, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (, Menendez-Perdomo, I. M. and P. J. Facchini (2018). Vietnamese lotus tea (Vietnamese: trà sen, chè sen, or chè ướp sen) is a type of green tea produced in Vietnam that has been flavored with the scent of Nelumbo nucifera. People noticed that the flower of the lotus would grow from the bottom of pools that had dried up after the monsoon rains hit. Both Nymphaea caerulea and Nelumbo nucifera contain the alkaloids nuciferine and aporphine. The lotus is often confused with the true water lilies of genus Nymphaea, in particular N. caerulea, the "blue lotus". Lotus tea is a beneficial herbal tea prepared using the flowers, leaves, seeds or roots of the sacred lotus plant. The tubers are not cold resistant, but can resist temperatures below 0 °C (32 °F) if they are covered with an insulating cover of water or soil. Young lotus stems are used as a salad ingredient in Vietnamese cuisine. Gold: The color gold indicates the achievement of complete enlightenment, which is what took place inside of the Buddha himself. [79] In Asian art a lotus throne is a stylized lotus flower used as the seat or base for a figure. Therefore, mostly dry lotus seed-based products are found on the market. This treatment is related to high cost and inefficient cleaning process before eating the rhizomes. Researchers report that the lotus has the remarkable ability to regulate the temperature of its flowers to within a narrow range just as humans and other warmblooded animals do. [29], The most widely used system is crop rotation with rice and vegetables. Lotus – Vietnam’s national flower, a symbol of divine beauty. Learn how your comment data is processed. I really like this idea … The Vietnamese have long loved the lotus flower and considered it an integeral part of their culture. The rhizomes are harvested in July, after which rice can be planted into the same field. [38][39], Dry stored lotus seeds are sensitive to moisture and mold infestation; researchers continue to explore new ways to preserve fresh lotus seeds, for example radiation processing. Unfortunately, fresh lotus root slices are limited by a fast browning rate. It is one of the biggest varieties of Lotus flowers, in fact, the flower can reach up to 15 … Leaf stem and flower stem rise up the surface of the water. To the Vietnamese, the lotus is known as an exquisite flower that symbolizes purity, serenity, commitment and optimism towards the future. [3] It is the national flower of India and Vietnam. It is also the symbol of purity, commitment and optimism for the future. Because of this, the flower has come to symbolize the divine beauty that can emerge from impurity and those dark, scary places in our souls that none of us like to visit, plus the growth and success of the Vietnamese people that has occured over the last 5,000 years.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'richardalois_com-banner-1','ezslot_6',162,'0','0'])); There is no other flower that is quite like the lotus. Rhizomes quickly lose water, oxidation occurs and nutrient composition changes within a short time after harvest. [45] The accumulation of heavy metals doesn't show morphological symptoms of metal toxicity;[46] however, the rhizome quality for human consumption needs further study. The flavonol miquelianin, as well as the alkaloids (+)-(1R)-coclaurine and (−)-(1S)-norcoclaurine, can be found in the leaves of N. It is often colloquially called a water lily. Each year, the lotus flower season usually begins from the middle of May and often lasts until August. Today sees the release of a couple of new Spiritbeads, both priced at 48€ each. Also, lotus flowers have a hidden beauty with their delicate pink petals and yellow pistil. By stacking the rhizomes, they are storable and remain fresh for about three weeks. From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. [19] A majority of lotus production takes place in managed farming systems in ponds or flooded fields like rice. [27] Early varieties are harvested in July until September and late varieties from October until March, after the ponds or fields are drained. Root and trunk are under the mud. When harvested in July, adlittorals have higher yields than deeper growing cultivars, but not necessarily when harvested in September. The minimum water depth is about 30 cm (12 in). [41] Lotus seed's water-soluble polysaccharides have also been shown to promote lymphocyte transformation and enhance the immune function. While all modern plant taxonomy systems agree that this species belongs in the genus Nelumbo, the systems disagree as to which family Nelumbo should be placed in, or whether the genus should belong in its own unique family and order. Vietnamese. [19] During winter time, the roots have to be stored at a frost free place. Lotus flower, despite being nurtured in mud, still grow out pure and glowing, like morning dew from early morning or water in springtime. Lotus is pink, white and yellow but the most favorite is the pink one. et al. Moreover, just as the lotus has a strong connection to water, so too does Vietnam. [29] A more efficient use of the water for both, the aquatic animal and the lotus production, has been identified with this planting pattern.[30]. The lotus flower symbolizes Buddhist detachment, Why is the National Flower of Vietnam the Lotus. All parts of the lotus flower are used in common dishes like lotus stem salad, lotus seed jam, and lotus tea. It is even closely connected to several religions in the world. It rises and opens again at dawn. [66][67][68][69][70][medical citation needed], Lotus seeds are mostly oval or spherical, with sizes varying according to varieties. [29], Another alternative way is to not harvest the lotus rhizome, although it is ripe. While lotus flowers have both scent and loveliness, the fragrance is not overly strong, so it displays a noble spirit. The lotus root is used to add seasoning to food. Older systems, such as the Cronquist system, place N. nucifera and its relatives in the order Nymphaeles based on anatomical similarities. [20][21], The sacred lotus requires a nutrient-rich loamy soil. [29] In Australia, the cultivar grown for the fresh rhizome market is Quangdong and in Japan the common rhizome cultivars are Tenno and Bitchu. Date: March 28, 2018 Author: Martha 14 Comments. [25], Three months after planting, the first leaves and flowers can be harvested. In 2005, the cultivation area in China was estimated at 300,000 hectares (740,000 acres). [4] Today the species also occurs in southern India, Sri Lanka, virtually all of Southeast Asia, New Guinea and northern and eastern Australia, but this is probably the result of human translocations. Lotus root is utilized as a popular vegetable in Sri Lanka, where it is often cooked in coconut milk gravy. | Plants of the World Online", "Aquatic plants for domestic wastewater Treatment: Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) and Hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata) systems", "Phytofiltration of water polluted with arsenic and heavy metals", "Ecological restoration using Trapa bispinosa and Nelumbo nucifera on eutrophic water body in Baizangdian Lake", "Thermal-stable proteins of fruit of long-living Sacred Lotus Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn var. ... During Vietnam’s wars of resistance and its process of national rebuilding, reporters from the Vietnam News … How it blossoms and recedes at certain times of the day makes the flower remain untouched by impurity. All are tied by a pink paper. [55][56] Rhizomes are promoted have purported diuretic, antidiabetic, and anti-inflammatory properties. [35], Rhizomes contain high amounts of starch (31.2%) without characteristic taste or odor. [49] This limits export possibilities for low-income production countries in Asia. For them it is much more than a national symbol, but a symbol of unity and the collective wisdom and purity, the ultimate enlightment that every human being should seek and not stop trying to understand and reach for the rest of their lives. To Vietnamese people, the lotus is more than just a flower. Optimal storage temperatures range between 5 to 8 °C (41 to 46 °F). Food Chem 105:540–547, Sung J, Sung J, Shin H (2011) Cytoprotective effects of lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertner) seed extracts on oxidative damaged mouse embryonic fibroblast cell. In this article we want to explore the meaning of the Lotus flower in Vietnam. It is a specialty product of the Vietnamese tea industry and is consumed as part of celebratory events or festivals. Lotus Natural Water. Magnificently unique, this breathtakingly elegant flower symbolizes purity of heart and mind, serenity, and hope for the future. It is also used as a wrap for steaming rice and sticky rice and other steamed dishes in Southeast Asian cuisine, such as lo mai gai in Chinese cuisine or kao hor bai bua (Thai: ข้าวห่อใบบัว), fried rice wrapped in lotus leaf in Thai cuisine. The Vietnamese people love the lotus so much that they have incorporated it into their cuisine. The petals, leaves and rhizome can also all be eaten raw, but there is a risk of parasite transmission (e.g., Fasciolopsis buski): it is therefore recommended that they be cooked before eating. Nelumbo nucifera shows high potential for usage in wastewater treatment removing polluting compounds[43] and heavy metals. Food Sci Biotechnol 20:1533–1537, Xia Y (2012) Effect of germination on chemical and functional properties of lotus seeds. A lotus flower consists of flower cup, petal, pistil, lotus seed pod. Lotus flower, despite being nurtured in mud, still grow out pure and glowing, like morning dew from early morning or water in springtime. Although its legend spans across many Eastern cultures that have been around for thousands of years, it is still regarded as one of the most sacred flowers in existence today. In fact, several older systems, such as the Bentham & Hooker system (which is widely used in the Indian subcontinent) refer to the lotus by its old synonym of Nymphaea nelumbo. Add a translation. The harvest of flowers is usually done by hand during three to four months. [8] The leaves may be as large as 80 cm (31 in) in diameter, while the showy flowers can be up to 30 cm (12 in) in diameter.[9]. With that being said, it is no longer surprising why great numbers of tattoo lovers are attracted to such flower design tattoo. Studies published in the journals Nature and Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences were in 1996 and 1998 important contributions in the field of thermoregulation, heat-producing, in plants. from outer space mutation. Originating in Indian art, it followed Indian religions to East Asia in particular. Lotus flower has an elegant beauty and good fragrant which attract people so much. They develop faster due to higher temperature in surface soil layers. "Benzylisoquinoline Alkaloids Biosynthesis in Sacred Lotus." Special stacking with silver sand[clarification needed] and soil results in five to six layers that prevent water loss, thus the rhizome stays fresh for up to two months. [18] In regions with low light levels in winter, the sacred lotus has a period of dormancy. [45] Dipping the rhizomes in a salt solution prevents oxidation and bacterial reproduction, which allows storage for up to five months and a greater export ability. It seems to be symbol of love and romantic. [40], Lotus seeds can be processed into moon cake, lotus seed noodles and food in forms of paste, fermented milk, rice wine, ice cream, popcorn (phool makhana) and others, with lotus seeds as the main raw material. Their nutritional values can differ due to culture environments and varieties. Four months after planting, the production of flowers has its climax. It also assimilates nitrogen ("denitrification") and creates a habitat for bacterial growth in the water body. Wu C, Xia Y, Tang X (2013) Optimization of fermentation process for lotus rice-wine production by response surface methodology. [6], The roots of lotus are planted in the soil of the pond or river bottom, while the leaves float on the water's surface or are held well above it. [37] When dried, N. nucifera is also made into flour, another popular use of this vegetable. So it is that the lotus flower in Vietnam is a symbol of the purity of both mind and heart. nucifera. Two other species known to be able to regulate their temperature include Symplocarpus foetidus and Philodendron selloum. Water Lilies Lotus Pond. [29], Rhizome lotus cultivars produce a higher yield of and higher quality rhizomes than that of seed or flower lotus cultivars. [29] Seed production of flower lotus is poor regarding yield and quality. Flowers can be picked every two days during summer and every three days during the colder season. The Spirit of Vietnam is super sweet and check out her braid! In north and eastern regions of India, the stalk of the flower is used to prepare a soup called "kamal gatte ki sabji" (Hindi: कमल गट्टे की सब्जी) and starter called "kamal kakdi pakode" (Hindi: कमल ककडी पकौडे).In South Indian states, the lotus stem is sliced, marinated with salt to dry, and the dried slices are fried and used as a side dish. Lotus flower is used to decorate home, pagodas, restaurants and hotels. Nelumbo nucifera is the species of lotus sacred to both Hindus and Buddhists. [4] It has a very long history (c. 3,000 years) of being cultivated for its edible seeds,[4] and it is commonly cultivated in water gardens. Stands of lotus drop hundreds of thousands of seeds every year to the bottom of the pond. J Biol Chem 295(6): 1598-1612 doi:10.1074/jbc.RA119.011547. Rice is then harvested in October. Varieties that show more than one of these characteristics are classified by the strongest feature. As early as the Han Dynasty, lotus seeds were already recorded as sweet, astringent, nourishing the heart and kidney in "Shen Nong's Herbal Classic". [19] Furthermore, tissue culture is a promising propagation method for the future to produce high volumes of uniform, true-to-type, disease free materials. This thread is used for weaving special robes for Buddha images called kya thingan (lotus robe). Sridhar KR, Bhat R. Lotus: a potential nutraceutical source. A unique fabric called lotus silk, from the lotus plant fibers, is produced only at Inle lake, Myanmar and in Siem Reap, Cambodia. Lotus plants are adapted to grow in the flood plains of slow-moving rivers and delta areas. Photo about Vietnamese flower, pure white lotus flower, symbol of Vietnam at Mekong Delta, closeup of beautiful bloossom, flower bud ob green background. The flowers are usually found on thick stems rising several centimeters above the leaves. [60], Lotus rhizomes and seeds and their processing by-products are widely consumed in Asia, Americas, and Oceania for high content of physiologically active substances. Isolation, estimation and characterization of starch from rhizomes of Nelumbo nuciferaGaertn (Fam. During the lotus season (approximately June to September) the flowers are picked in the early morning before the young blooms open. Flower Water Lily Pond. Acta Nutr Sin 25:153–156, Wu J, Zheng Y, Chen T, Yi J, Qin L, Rahman K, Lin W (2007) Evaluation of the quality of lotus seed of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. [31] Salads with prawns, sesame oil or coriander leaves are also popular. Hydrogen sulfide fumigation reduces enzymatic browning and therefore ensures rhizome quality. 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